Human Rights Forum Nepal (HURFON)
A website on human rights in Nepal by


HURFON (current)
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Human Rights Forum Nepal (HURFON) is a website presenting links to articles on Nepal's human rights issues as well as important background information. The link collection has been started in September 2016.

HURFON is a subsite of Nepal Research. Its name goes back to an organisation that had been founded in Germany in 1990 but that had to be dissolved some years later. Issues of the periodical of this earlier organisation that had been published under the name Nepal Forum have been archived on this website.

HURFON (current)

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Nepal Research
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Nepal Observer
(ISSN 2626-2924)
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Child marriage driving up maternal and newborn deaths: Report : Teenage pregnancy is highest in Karnali Province, at 21 percent, followed by Madhesh Province, at 20 percent, Koshi and Gandaki Province, at 13 percent, and Lumbini Province, at 10 percent, by Arjun Poudel (kp 15/06/2024)

Nepali queer couples in live-in relationships battle social stigma : They are often compelled to hide their relationship and lie to their homeowners and neighbours that they are either siblings or friends. Of late, things have changed for the better, however, by Manushree Mahat (kp 15/06/2024)

Nepal insurgency victim takes case to UN Security Council : Ram Kumar Bhandari’s father was forcibly disappeared by state security forces during the conflict in 2001, by Binod Ghimire (kp 14/06/2024)

Rape culture: Review long overdue : We must build an environment where victims are empowered and supported to speak up and stand for the truth, by Shrochis Karki (kp 14/06/2024)

National ID card mandatory for social security allowance (rn 13/06/2024) [And what about the millions of people who are denied citizenship by the state for reasons of patriarchal thinking?], Plan to make National ID cards mandatory draws flak : MPs say government has terrorised citizens by introducing the rule in haste. Department official defends the move (kp 14/06/2024)

KMC rescues child laborer from house of provincial lawmaker Sharma, files complaint against her (rep 13/06/2024)

Manpower companies exploiting youths in the guise of free visa and free ticket for foreign employment (rep 13/06/2024)

KMC rescues four child laborers from inside Singha Durbar (rep 13/06/2024)

Ruling, opposition parties unite against education ministry’s decisions : Major parties are miffed at Minister Sumana Shrestha’s decision to punish teachers involved in party politics, by Binod Ghimire (kp 13/06/2024) [Prohibiting teachers from participating in the political life of the country is a serious encroachment on the fundamental rights of these people!]

Panel highlights media’s role in women’s political visibility : Experts call for increased media support for women in Nepali politics (kp 13/06/2024)

A Bardibas settlement struggles with water shortages as sources dry up : Chure destruction and long drought have disrupted the water recharge system in the Tarai, says researcher, by Sunita Baral (kp 12/06/2024)

Policy recommendation to end untouchability : The state should introduce new laws and policies to enforce the constitutional and legal provisions against it, by Mitra Pariyar (kp 11/06/2024)

Nepal fails to act on human rights abuses: US Department of State (kh 11/06/2024) [see report on Nepal]

Activists pin high hopes as Nepal plans to set up consumer court this year : Observers call for simplifying the case filing process, pointing out that consumers avoid complex legal procedures, by Krishana Prasain (kp 11/06/2024), An analysis of consumer rights law and reality in Nepal, by Swekshya Karki (rep 11/06/2024)

Residents of Khoriya settlement in Siraha are deprived of basic facilities and services : The village does not have roads, water supply and electricity. Villagers say they feel ignored by authorities, by Binay Aazad (kp 09/06/2024)

Legal Education Empowers Dalits, by Umesh Raj Regmi and Rup Sunar (rn 09/06/2024)

Kathmandu street vendors lament lack of options two years since ban : City is cleaner and better, but its benefits are not reaching the economically disadvantaged residents relying on street vending for livelihood, they say, by Manushree Mahat (kp 09/06/2024) [Unfortunately, many of the mayor's sledgehammer methods have not been thought through to the end!]

Study reveals 71 percent of Dalit women face violence due to inter-caste marriage, by Pabitra Sunar (rep 07/06/2024)

Court orders fair compensation for land affected by transmission lines : Providing compensation for the land where a transmission tower stands alone is not enough. It should follow justifiable compensation for the right of way as well, by Binod Ghimire (kp 07/06/2024)

Children ill with jaundice in quake-hit Salyan settlements : Health workers and local officials attribute rising cases to hot weather, consumption of polluted water, and poor living conditions, by Biplab Maharjan (kp 06/06/2024) [What did PK Dahal and other leading politicians declare during their disaster tourism trips to the earthquake zone? Correct: This time there will be immediate and unbureaucratic help for the people affected. That was it then!]

PM Dahal advocates for prior rights for Dalit community (kh 03/06/2024) [Dalits need comprehensive inclusion, involving appropriate political and administrative participation. There are more Dalits than Bahuns in Nepal. The latter dominate all areas of public life and politics. Dalits are virtually non-existent there. Even the prescribed participation of Dalit women at the local level is more pseudo, as recent reports have shown!]

Taming of the shrews : Even in politics, the men in charge prefer women who embody traditional femininity, by Sucheta Pyakuryal (kp 03/06/2024)

Women in politics and policy-making positions in Nepal, by Pallav Bhusal (rn 02/06/2024)

Increasing Investment In Women’s Health, by Shyam P Lohani (rn 02/06/2024)

Women with disabilities struggle to exercise reproductive health rights : Absence of accessible infrastructure and lack of awareness among health workers are some of the hurdles, by Manushree Mahat (kp 01/06/2024)

Jail the messenger : There is freedom of expression in Nepal, but not necessarily freedom after expression (nt 31/05/2024)

Eerie silence : The cost of not speaking up against blatant attack on free speech could be too high for our democracy (kp 30/05/2024)

Save Chure campaigners express dismay at government indifference to their demands : It’s been six days since the campaigners arrived in Kathmandu after their arduous walking journey, but the government has made no efforts to initiate talks, by Manushree Mahat (kp 30/05/2024)

Dolakha children’s home damaged by 2015 quakes remains in dilapidated condition, nine years later : All five buildings of the Gaurishankar Children’s Home, which houses 17 children, have developed cracks, the roofs leak, and children live in fear, by Kedar Shiwakoti (kp 30/05/2024)

Cross-party leaders visiting Colombia to study its transitional justice process : Congress leader Ramesh Lekhak says they will learn from the performance of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (kp 30/05/2024) [Enjoy your journey. It will do nothing for the peace process as long as there is no political will and the people who were once responsible are still in office!]

Government to set up peace fund to address conflict victims’ concerns : Rs1 million was offered in relief to the families of those killed or forcibly disappeared during the decade-long Maoist insurgency but many have been left out (kp 29/05/2024) [This alone is not enough for justice! Furthermore, the amount of not even 7,000 euros is completely inappropriate.]

Undrinkable : Safe drinking water is a fundamental right. The authorities are duty-bound to fulfil that (kp 29/05/2024)

For women in foreign employment, the way to empowerment back home is not easy : Stories of three women who returned from abroad for good and started a new life back home, overcoming barriers aplenty, by Sunita Baral (kp 29/05/2024)

33% of women in Nepal own property (kh 28/05/2024), Female participation in civil service reaches 28.5 percent (kh 28/05/2024)

Women are unequally vulnerable to disaster risk : Gender issues are just an afterthought in contemporary DRR policies and practices, by Priya Kamarcharya (kp 28/05/2024)

People are now listening to democratically elected authoritarian leaders : It is shocking to me that some killings are considered non-serious, and could lead to de facto amnesty for those responsible, interview with Amnesty International’s Secretary General Agnès Callamard by Binod Ghimire (kp 27/05/2024), Asian Human Rights Commission condemns arrest of KMG Chair Sirohiya : Accuses Home Minister Lamichhane of political vendetta to silence the press (kp 27/05/2024) [Those responsible should be arrested and brought to justice instead of Sirohiya, including all those who support the machinations out of pure greed for power and protect the really guilty from prosecution!], Representatives from various fields come together to condemn Sirohiya’s arrest : They termed the arrest an attempt to suppress voices from other critical communities (kp 27/05/2024)

Elderly in outlying Achham villages trek up to three days to collect social security allowances : Efforts by some local units to distribute allowances from ward offices have faced challenges owing to resource crunch and poor internet, by Menuka Dhungana (kp 27/05/2024)

Sirohiya’s arrest unconstitutional and against the law: Former President Yadav. If there was any mistake in the citizenship certificate, the CDO could have sent a letter to the individual and corrected that, by Deepak Pariyar (kp 26/05/2024), Challenges of Nepali democracy : The actions of Prime Minister Dahal and his partners show that staying in power is their only goal, by Abhi Subedi (kp 26/05/2024)

21 editors of outlets across Asia call on PM Dahal to stop media intimidation : The umbrella body requested an immediate cessation of further police action and facilitation of a fair and appropriate legal process in the Sirohiya case (kp 26/05/2024)

Couples who remain childless by choice face societal othering : Nepali society doesn’t yet accommodate the idea of staying childless as a choice, say experts. And it’s women who are often blamed for not conceiving a child, by Manushree Mahat (kp 25/05/2024),Take it easy, baby : Whether or not women have children should be a matter of their personal choice, not societal pressure (kp 27/05/2024)

Amnesty International’s Secretary-General pays courtesy call on PM Dahal (kh 24/05/2024)

Analyzing SC’s decision on marital rape : Failing to recognize marital rape as a heinous crime will dissuade victims from seeking justice, by Harsh Mahaseth and Dikshya Adhikari (rep 24/05/2024)

Feminism Is All About Equal Opportunities, by Kreeti Adhikari (rn 24/05/2024)

The cry of Chure : The region’s degradation impacts the lives of all Nepalis, and the government must act fast to save it (kp 24/05/2024)

Parties divided over naming Lamichhane in probe panel ToR : Opposition insists on investigating the home minister. Coalition says targeting an individual sets bad precedent, by Binod Ghimire (kp 24/05/2024) [It is not about any individual, but about the Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. Of course he must be included in the investigation. But the government is obviously more concerned about maintaining its parliamentary majority!]

Global media bodies take serious exception to KMG chairman’s arrest : Sirohiya must be released and the work of the KMG protected, not hindered, says RSF (kp 24/05/2024), KMG chair Kailash Sirohiya’s defence at Dhanusha district court : His lawyers on Wednesday explained how discrepancies had crept into Sirohiya’s citizenship card, as well as the official records. The arrest is needless as the defendant has no chance of altering the evidence when not in custody,’ they say (kp 24/05/2024), Business organisations object to arrest of Kantipur publisher : The FNCCI, CNI, NCC, and AAN, among others, say the tendency of arresting anyone just based on a complaint is problematic (kp 24/05/2024)

Push ahead with probe against home minister on dual passports and cooperatives fraud : A joint letter submitted by 31 editors to PM Pushpa Kamal Dahal on the arrest of KMG Chairman Kailash Sirohiya (kp 23/05/2024), Congress vows to toughen stance on home minister investigation : Many leaders now say Lamichhane must quit for abusing his office to settle a personal score, by Anil Giri (kp 23/05/2024) [Dahal will probably have to make a decision: Is the rule of law more important to him or saving his ruling majority by suppressing the investigation of the truth?],
Sirohiya’s arrest draws widespread condemnation : More than two dozen editors conclude that the government had arrested KMG Chairman Sirohiya with the intent to pile pressure on, and instill fear in, the media fraternity (kp 23/05/2024), Society of Professional Journalists questions motive behind Sirohiya’s arrest : Calls on the government to reaffirm its commitment to free and unfettered press (kh 23/05/2024), Arrest of Kailash Sirohiya is deeply concerning: IFJ (kp 23/05/2024) [see statement by IFJ], Sirohiya to be presented at court for remand extension (kh 24/05/2024))

177 human rights violations recorded in Koshi Province last fiscal year (kh 22/05/2024)

Beyond Quotas for Women's Political Empowerment, by Aastha Pokharel (rep 22/05/2024)

Children from impoverished families missing school or struggling with attendance : Dropout rates and irregular attendance are high among girls, says Achham local unit official, by Menuka Dhungana (kp 22/05/2024)

Vendetta against media : Home Minister Rabi Lamichhane has exposed his anti-democratic character with the arrest of Kantipur Media Group chairman (kp 22/05/2024)

Dhanusha Police cite 6 grounds for arresting Kailash Sirohiya : Sirohiya in custody of District Police Office, Dhanusha (kh 22/05/2024) [The reasons given may need to be clarified, but they are never enough to justify the arrest of a media boss whose publications reveal the machinations of many a politician on the basis of meticulous research. There have been politicians who did not even have Nepali citizenship, participated in elections and then even became Deputy Prime Minister! Others have unhinged the state and constitution and continue to manipulate political events and want to become PM again as soon as possible. Still others have been facing murder charges for years and still hold leading state offices. The list could go on and on. This is a targeted attack on the free media, nothing else!], Sirohiya presented at Dhanusha District Court, police seek five-day remand (kh 22/05/2024), Arrest of KMG Chairman Sirohiya not a press freedom violation: RSP. "Distinction must be made between a profit-driven private enterprise and diligent journalist" (kh 22/05/2024) [Okay, then Mr Lamichhane should be arrested immediately, because a distinction must be made between an upright politician who is interested in clarification and corrupt people who are interested in enrichment.], PM’s response: No personal grudge against Sirohiya, will be released easily through judicial process (kh 22/05/2024) [This arrest is serious and inexcusable. Besides, how can a politician announce in advance what a court will decide? This is an abolition of the separation of powers!], KMG Chair Sirohiya to be presented at Dhanusha District Court for custody extension (kh 22/05/2024) [The accusation could have been cleared up without an arrest!], Freedom of press, accountability, and transparency are guiding principles: US (kh 22/05/2024), Editors pen letter to PM expressing concern over KMG Chairman Sirohiya’s arrest (kh 22/05/2024), Dhanusha District Court grants three-day-remand against KMG Chair Sirohiya (kh 22/05/2024)

Dhanusha Court grants permission to issue arrest warrant against KMG Chairman Kailash Sirohiya (kh 21/05/2024), KMG Chairman Sirohiya approaches SC seeking an order to prevent his arrest (rep 21/05/2024), KMG Chairman Sirohiya alleges strategic intervention in media (rep 21/05/2024), KMG Chairman Sirohia arrested, police preparing to take him to Janakpur (rep 21/05/2024), Arrest of KMG Chairman Sirohiya a planned conspiracy by Home Minister Lamichhane: Senior Journalist Ghimire (kh 21/05/2024), SC receives another writ against arrest of KMG Chair Sirohiya (kh 21/05/2024)

Unpaid and abused in jobs, women warn against seeking Gulf employment : When Bindra Devi Pariyar was ill, her Kuwaiti employers tortured her by pouring boiling water on her, and locked her in cage, by Tripti Shahi (kp 20/05/2024)

People with disabilities demand personal assistance services : NHRC has accused the police of using excessive force even as people with disabilities were protesting for their rights, by Manushree Mahat (kp 20/05/2024)

Jaleshwar jail: Overcrowded and dilapidated (kh 20/05/2024)

Committee to select office bearers for transitional justice bodies remains idle : The panel was formed last month despite reservations from the conflict victims and human rights defenders who want legal amendments before appointing office bearers (kp 19/05/2024) [Justice for the victims is not desired by the politicians, as this could jeopardise their ambitions for power!]

No caution even as toxic air takes heavy toll on public health : Pollution shaving 6.7 years off the lives of people residing in Siraha, and 6.2 years in Saptari and Rupandehi districts, by Arjun Poudel (kp 18/05/2024) [Inaction by a completely incompetent government that only cares about political power struggles!]

Quake-hit Jajarkot villages reel under water shortage after sources dry up : The magnitude 6.4 earthquake last November damaged 480 drinking water projects in Jajarkot, Salyan, and Rukum West districts, by Krishna Prasad Gautam and Harihar Singh Rathour (kp 18/05/2024) [Another case of denial of immediate assistance!]

Ensuring Independent Living for Persons with Disabilities in Nepal, by Nir Shrestha (rep 18/05/2024)

SC directs implementation of employment plan for sidewalk vendors (kh 17/05/2024)

Kin say girl shot by former teacher after she refused to withdraw rape complaint : Incident occurred on May 3. Suspect at large. Police clueless of his whereabouts. Family struggles to pay hospital bills, which have reached Rs500,000, by Parbat Portel (kp 16/05/2024)

Patan High Court grants clean chit to Sandeep Lamichhane in rape case (kh 15/05/2024) [And what about the victim?], Patan High Court clears Lamichhane of rape charge : Bench says the victim was not a minor at the time, and there was insufficient evidence to confirm rape, by Binod Ghimire and Dil Kumar Ale Magar (kp 16/05/2024) [A disconcerting judgement that smacks of patriarchal thinking and celebrity protection!], Congress-UML rivalry comes to boil over tea estate land swap controversy : Oli says the court was selective in its ruling on the land, exempting similar past decisions, by Purushottam Poudel (kp)

Reviewing Amnesty’s report on Dalits : Caste is so sacred for many Nepalis that they would rather go to jail or die than flout caste rules, by Mitra Pariyar (kp 14/05/2024)

Case filed at SC against PMO alleging exclusion of Dalit representation in current govt (rep 14/05/2024)

Kagbeni residents fear monsoon havoc amid government inaction after last year’s flooding : Local units cannot prepare for disaster management as it requires huge funds and expertise, so provincial and central governments must take measures to reduce the risk, says expert, by Basant Pratap Singh (kp 14/05/2024) [But the politicians are so busy with constant power struggles and changes of government that they can't worry about such unimportant things!]

No stone should be left unturned to ensure justice for conflict victims : Organising the Investment Summit ahead of the 2026 LDC graduation has reinforced the message that Nepal’s market is open and ready for private investment, interview with United Nations Resident Coordinator in Nepal Hanaa Singer-Hamdy (kp 13/05/2024)

Between politics and education : Political parties will harm education if they continue using students and teachers for politics, by Abhi Subedi (kp 12/05/2024) [The abuse of teachers and pupils for party political interests is reprehensible, but difficult to avoid, as the basic right of all people to political engagement must be respected in a democratic state.]

Incidents of press freedom violation on the rise in the past one year (rep 12/05/2024) [see report by Freedom Forum]

Reparation no substitute for truth and prosecution, say conflict victims, activists : They ask for uniformity among state bodies on addressing the victims’ reparative needs, by Binod Ghimire (kp 12/05/2024)

Caste discrimination against Dalits is systemic and widespread: Amnesty International report : There is an urgent need to take special measures to improve the situation of Dalit women and girls, the organisation says in a new report (kp 11/05/2024) [see Amnesty International report], Who cares? Amnesty International issues scathing report on caste-based discrimination in Nepal (nt 17/05/2024)

Family Rights Nepal raises issues of Nepali citizens’s foreign spouses and children deprived of natural rights due to unclear laws (rep 10/05/2024)

Child marriage and teenage pregnancies afflict Achham : Despite being outlawed, underage marriages persist. As teenagers elope and often get pregnant, parents are forced to arrange their marriages, by Menuka Dhungana (kp 09/05/2024)

Experts call for carving feminist policies including foreign policy : Nepal has been unable to translate its constitutional and international commitments on gender equality, Ansari says (kp 08/05/2024)

Ministry Reports: Nearly 80% of women still face violence in Nepal (kh 07/05/2024)

CZOP urges govt to prioritize child rights issues (rep 07/05/2024)

Poor understanding of consent fuelling adolescent dating violence : Inclusion of consent as a significant aspect of sex education would be a step forward, experts say, by Manushree Mahat (kp 07/05/2024)

Inclusive Election in Nepal, by Dev Datta Joshi (rep 07/05/2024)

Status of RTI implementation in Nepal : RTI implementation is still challenging despite the RTI act promulgated over 15 years ago, by Umesh Pokharel (ae 06/05/2024)

Dalit women in local governance : Political parties must understand that quotas don’t ensure adequate and meaningful resources, by Sajhana Tolange (kp 05/05/2024)

Patan High Court defers cricketer Lamichhane’s case : Lamichhane's cause list "cancelled" for today (kh 05/05/2024)

Experts stress recognition of indigenous communities’ rights to foster sustainable tourism, by Aesha Bajracharya (rep 04/05/2024)

Press under Pressure : When the other pillars of democracy fail to act as check and balance, the press has to step in to hold power to account, by Sonia Awale (nt 03/05/2024)

Media freedom in Nepal : Despite the constitution guaranteeing legal provisions, there has been little progress in implementation, by Umesh Pokharel (kp 03/05/2024), Media Action Nepal report highlights 34 press violation incidents over the year (kh 03/05/2024), Governments not protecting press freedom, report says (kh 03/05/2024)

Supreme Court sets new precedent, distinguishes marital rape from rape in a landmark ruling, by Bhasa Sharma (rep 02/05/2024) [According to the patriarchal Nepalese way of thinking, women become the property of their husbands when they get married and have to be submissive?]

NHRC to stay away from office-bearer nomination panel : Conflict victims want amendments to transitional justice bill before the process to appoint office bearers begins, by Binod Ghimire (kp 02/05/2024)

Government recognises forest fires as disaster but neglects victims : Impoverished forest fire victims are struggling in hospitals unable to pay for medicines, by Arjun Poudel (kp 01/05/2024)

NHRC calls for promoting labor rights (kh 01/05/2024), Rights organisations call for addressing problems of agriculture labourers (nlt 01/05/2024)

Regulatory void complicates child adoption process in Nepal : While international adoptions have been banned over child trafficking and abuse concerns, domestic adoptions are also not easy, by Manushree Mahat (kp 01/05/2024)

Preserving Nepal’s Indigenous Communities : Assessing the Need for Expanded Protected Areas, by Sasha Sunuwar (kh 29/04/2024)

Toxic air is giving young children asthma : Doctors say it could damage lungs, and urge prompt medical attention for symptoms like shortness of breath, wheezing, by Arjun Poudel (kp 29/04/2024)

Government retains disputed provisions in new media council bill : The communications ministry on Thursday registered the bill, which envisions a committee led by its secretary to select the chairperson and members of the council, by Binod Ghimire (kp 28/04/2024)

Navigating Nepal's Labor Rights Landscape, by Anupam Bhattarai (rn 27/04/2024)

Violence Haunts Madhesh Women, by Bishakha Mahato (rn 26/04/2024)

Ensure migrant workers’ voting rights: Lawmakers (ae 26/04/2024) [The right to vote is one of the fundamental rights of all Nepalese citizens. The SC instructed the government to guarantee this right a long time ago. But this right is still denied to 25 per cent of the citizens!]

Nepal fails to make progress towards delivering truth, justice and reparations to victims of Maoist conflict: Amnesty (nlt 26/04/2024), Youth attempts suicide amid police torture over Facebook comments against home minister, by Tapendra Karki (rep 26/04/2024) [The Maoist-led government is even committing new human rights violations through the police, who are fond of torture!]

MoEST seeks EC’s help in identifying teachers linked to political parties (rep 25/04/2024) [The right to be involved in political parties and to actively participate in political life is one of the fundamental rights of every human being in democratic constitutional states; this must therefore also apply to Nepalese teachers!]

Chhau sheds reappear. Deep-rooted tradition, failed campaign blamed : Four years ago, a one-off campaign was launched by the government to dismantle menstruation sheds, but there was no follow-up, by Menuka Dhungana (kp 24/04/2024) [Why don't men go to cow sheds during their wives' periods when they can no longer stand being under the same roof as their wives?], The return of the chhau : Our campaigns to educate the people about the ills of ‘chhaupadi’ are inadequate (kp 25/04/2024)

SC issues show cause order in Gaur Massacre case (kh 24/04/2024), Top court intervenes in Gaur massacre case : The Supreme Court orders the Rautahat District Police Office and the District Attorney’s Office to furnish written clarifications for not investigating the mass killing of 2007 (kp 25/04/2024)

SC to hear case against former Speaker Sapkota’s alleged involvement in murder (kh 24/04/2024)

Devi Khadka: The champion of sexual violence victims (rep 23/04/2024)

A vocal champion of indigenous rights : Journalist Dev Kumar Sunuwar has broken barriers in media representation of the indigenous community, by Aarati Ray (kp 22/04/2024)

Dilapidated Rolpa district prison housing inmates twice its capacity : Prisoners, especially those in judicial custody, face frequent attacks from older inmates, by Kashiram Dangi (kp 20/04/2024)

Shore Up Adaptive Social Protection, by Lok Nath Bhusal (rn 18/04/2024)

Education Minister, Chief Election Commissioner discuss action against party-affiliated teachers (kh 16/04/2024) [The chancellor of all universities must be the prime minister, but teachers are denied the fundamental right to be involved in a political party. This is extremely strange!], Government to crack down on teachers engaged in partisan politics : Ministry of Education asserts action aligns law, court orders, and international practice (kp 17/04/2024) [This is definitely not a practice in truly democratic states! All citizens have the fundamental right to be politically active. Let's take Germany as an example: teachers are active in political parties in large numbers and many of them hold public office, at best taking temporary leave of absence for practical reasons and then returning to their teaching jobs. Punishing teachers for their political engagement is a crime!], Teachers’ union challenges Education Minister Shrestha's policy on political affiliation (rep 19/04/2024) [This is correct and justified on the basis of international concepts of democracy and fundamental human rights!]

Dalits and ritual pollution : Dalit freedom is impossible until they question the beliefs and practices of untouchability in rituals, by Mitra Pariyar (kp 16/04/2024)

Presumption of innocence and Nepali attitude, by Aawesh Bhadra Karn (ae 16/04/2024)

Aging with Dignity: Voices from elderly reveal changing times and hopes for the future, by Pushpanjali Basnet (kh 16/04/2024)

Laws on marital rape still murky in Nepal : The separation of rape law and marital rape law, and other legal loopholes have denied victims of spousal rape real justice, rights activists say, by Manushree Mahat (kp 15/04/2024)

Interaction to stop child marriage in Bajura (rn 15/04/2024)

'Victim blaming'- Nepali society's response to sexual violence, by Aastha Pokharel (rep 14/04/2024)

Environmental justice for Harawa-Charawa : They face a higher risk of climate-induced stressors because of economic discrimination based on caste and class, by Suresh Dahal (kp 14/04/2024)

Restriction on prominent public spaces lifted; Ministry mulls action against vandals (kh 13/04/2024), Maitighar-Baneshwor area opens up for demonstrations and protests (kh 13/04/2024), Kathmandu DAO lifts ban on protests from Maitighar Mandala to Baneshwor amid public pressure (rep 14/04/2024)

Ward Chairman ties service recipient to tree, beats him indiscriminately in Parsa's Jagarnathpur, by Bimala Gupta (rep 13/04/2024)

Govt forms Recommendation Committee to appoint TRC officer-bearers (kh 12/04/2024), Victims decry TJ office bearers selection panel without amending law : Rights activists say government trod the wrong path by forming the committee before revising the transitional justice law, by Binod Ghimire (kp 14/04/2024)

One-third women representation an important achievement, but not enough: Former President Bhandari : She stresses on striving for proportional representation while also safeguarding the opportunities that are already achieved (kp 12/04/2024) [Without an end to patriarchal thinking and behaviour, the equal participation of women will remain a pseudo-issue!]

What hinders women’s meaningful representation : Achieving true gender equality requires policies that respect, value and treat women equally, by Rabina Shrestha (kp 11/04/2024)

Being a woman in Karnali -Three days in Jajarkot and Rukum!, by Samjhana Bista (rep 11/04/2024)

Dalit ex-chief of district body alleges caste-based abuse : Somnath Portel accuses Dambar Giri, an ex-vice-chair of Haldibari Rural Municipality, of verbally abusing him with caste-related derogatory words, by Parbat Portel (kp 11/04/2024)

Of suitcases and caskets : The sorry saga of Dhan Bahadurs who go abroad with big dreams returning home dead should end (kp 11/04/2024)

Police head constable assaults constable inside Singha Durbar for not saluting him (rep 09/04/2024) [Another case of human rights violations by police personnel!]

Departmental action taken against police personnel involved in abusing monks (rep 08/04/2024) [No police officer has the right to treat people in this way! It may have been normal under the royal regime, e.g. also during Gyanendra's coup and Jana Andolan II!]

Analyzing Marital Rape Laws in Nepal, by Ruchi Dhital (rep 07/04/2024)

Collective commitment to prevent child marriage in Madhes (rn 05/04/2024)

Marital rape allegations leveled against singer Rabi Oad (kh 05/04/2024)

Of women and strongmen : Hardly have women begun to creep to the top and men already think women have too much power, by Deepak Thapa (kp 04/04/2024)

KMC warns to take action if institutional schools fail to adopt names reflecting Nepali identity (rep 03/04/2024) [Yes, and people whose parents have given them a non-Nepali first name must change their name within a week! What nonsense and a blatant violation of personal freedoms! But then the English names of political parties must also be changed immediately!! Even the word "Party" should not be allowed! And what about "Kathmandu Metropolitan City"?]

Supreme Court orders detention of suspended Judge Giri in marital rape case (kh 03/04/2024), Judge Giri jailed on marital rape charges (rep 15/04/2024), Former Judge Giri sentenced to jail (kh 15/04/2024)

Insurgency victims divided over timing of law amendment : A group says amendment first, another urges swift appointment of office bearers to two commissions, by Binod Ghimire (kp 03/04/2024), Unheeded, unhealed : Some conflict victims might be divided, but the issue of transitional justice won’t die down (kp 04/04/2024)

Emptying out : As politicians squabble for power and perks, people continue to move out of rural Nepal for lack of basic amenities (kp 03/04/2024)

Climate Change Hits Pregnant Women, by Namrata Sharma (rn 03/04/2024)

Songs of hate : Singers often overlook controversial subject matters, not least caste and gender discrimination, by Mitra Pariyar (kp 02/04/2024)

After 16 years on the run, two fugitives arrested for trafficking three Nepali women to Indian brothels (rep 01/04/2024)

Deconstructing flawed gender norms in fairy tales, by Shreyashi Bista (ae 01/04/2024)

Nepal's Transitional Justice: Gender Based Or Gender Biased : Transitional justice mechanisms exhibit various shortcomings, such as the inadequate addressing of gender-based violations and concerns, particularly those impacting women, by Keshab Poudel (sp 29/03/2024)

Minister Bhandari assures to make arrangement to promote Nepali dress code twice a week in state institutions (kh 29/03/2024) [What does "Nepali attire" mean in a multiethnic, multicultural state? Hopefully, Khas Arya attire is not being defined as national attire here!]

NC President Deuba nominates 10 members to party’s cooperative department (rep 29/03/2024) [Nominations by the all-powerful party leader are extremely democratic. Nominating only male Bahuns speaks for excellent social inclusion. After all, male Bahuns make up almost six per cent of the population and there are still a few positions that are not held by them!]

Focus on transitional justice (ae 29/03/2024)

Dahal and Deuba meet as conflict victims grow weary : The two leaders convened after victims pressed Dahal over stalled transitional justice process (kp 29/03/2024)

Government rejects rights commission’s secretary pick citing lack of transparency : Constitutional rights body asserts autonomy, claims that executive can’t demand confidential documents, by Binod Ghimire (kp 28/03/2024)

Equality For Dalits Remains A Far Cry, by Namrata Sharma (rn 27/03/2024)

Nalgad ward offices collect money from quake victims (rn 27/03/2024) [??]

Human Trafficking - An assault of the human civilization, by Aslesha Luitel (rep 26/03/2024)

Woman consumes poison in National Women Commission premises (kh 25/03/2024)

Low literacy rate among people with disabilities raises concerns (kh 25/03/2024)

Kathmandu District Court orders to release Sharmila Waiba (kh 25/03/2024)

Justice, when? The Supreme Court directive is an opportunity to put the derailed transitional justice back on the right track, by Suman Adhikari (kp 25/03/2024)

SC asks govt to establish Juvenile Court within this fiscal year (kh 25/03/2024)

Rabi’s Freudian slip : It’s Rabi versus Rabi now, and in this duel between the two selves lies the potential loss of media freedom (kp 25/03/2024)

Law revision must for transitional justice progress, victims say : Parties disagree over categorising killings, indirect victims of conflict, reduced sentencing, and reconciliation refusal, by Binod Ghimire (kp 23/03/2024)

Only 27% of population has access to pure drinking water (kh 23/03/202)

Enhance Legislative Accountability With PLS, by Suravi Rijal (rn 22/03/2024)

Dignity matters for porters sustaining tourism of Khumbu region (kh 20/03/2024)

Census data exposes widespread occurrences of child marriage, by Surendra Kafle (ae 19/03/2024)

Nuwakot Dalits: A grim story : Water is considered a superconductor of ‘caste pollution’ in our Hindu-dominated society, by Mitra Pariyar (kp 19/03/2024)

NHRC requests govt to protect lives of cooperative victims participating in hunger strike (rep 19/03/2024)

Niraula appointed as DG of DoI, new CDOs assigned in 11 districts (rep 19/03/2024) [Social non-inclusion is alive and well!], 19 candidates in running for Sebon chair (ae 19/03/2024) [And again the same game! That those responsible are not ashamed to only consider people from this small social minority!]

AWC urges swift action on transitional justice following recent judicial decisions (rep 19/03/2024)

Court gives executive four months to set up juvenile courts : In their absence, rehabilitation of children is affected as regular courts often fail to properly handle the cases (kp 17/03/2024)

Decades after joining CEDAW, Nepal struggles with implementation (kh 16/03/2024)

World Consumer Rights Day: Here’s why Nepali consumers are upset. Consumers are being cheated left and right, yet the government appears to be making minimal effort to address the issues, by Krishana Prasain (kp 16/03/2024)

Diarrhoeal outbreak risk rises as mercury ticks up in quake-hit districts, by Arjun  Poudel (kp 16/03/2024) [Failure of the government to provide timely assistance!]

‘Bank Account for Daughters, for Secure Life’ programme ineffective in Karnali : The provincial government has not deposited the promised amounts in the girls’ accounts for the past two fiscal years, by Krishna Prasad Gautam (kp 15/03/2024) [So much for the credibility of politicians' statements!]

Nepal ranks 146th on Human Development Index: UNDP report (kh 15/03/2024) [see complete report by UNDP, Snapshots and Specific Country Data Nepal]

Child serving time for mother's mistake in overcrowded Kalikot Jail (rep 14/03/2024)

Court orders parties not to abuse proportional representation system : Constitutional Bench directs them to follow constitutional spirit of giving space to under-represented populations, by Binod Ghimire (kp) [The leading politicians do not abide by the constitution and subordinate laws or court orders, i.e. they will continue to pursue their non-inclusive nepotism system!], Elite capture : The usurpation of the PR system by imposters has sowed suspicion about the idea of representation (kp 15/03/2024)

Govt advocates file petition at Patan High Court for stronger action against cricketer Sandeep Lamichhane in rape case (kh 14/03/2024)

Gender equality begins at home, by Shivani Chenjong (ae 13/03/2024)

Court orders government to appoint leaderships at transitional justice bodies : The top court has given a month for the government to start the selection process (kp 13/03/2024)

Government, loan shark victims reach agreement : Government to form an inquiry commission. Struggling committee withdraws protests (kp 12/03/2024), Commission faces daunting task amid rising cases of usury
Settling thousands of complaints within a tight time frame will be difficult, says Gauri Bahadur Karki
(kp 13/03/2024)

Politics of pardon : Arbitrary pardons and commutation of jail terms are part of a long trend of criminalisation of Nepali politics (kp 11/03/2024)

Helvetas Nepal's InElam Project Transforms Dalit Women, by Keshab Poudel (ap 10/03/2024)

Dispute over secretary appointment divides Human Rights Commission : As an international team assesses commission's performance, calls grow for an executive decision to end the controversy, by Binod Ghimire (kp 10/03/2024)

SC concludes President’s amnesty for murder convict Regal contrary to Rule of Law (kh 10/03/2024)

Top court cautions executive against arbitrary pardons: Recommends assessing convict’s jail time, remorse and health status for presidential pardon eligibility, by Binod Ghimire (kp 09/03/2024)

Ending the Pandemic of Violence Against Women and Girls, by Deepanjali Shrestha (rep 09/03/2024)

Survivors Need Support To Fight For Justice, by Sanjita Timsina (rn 08/03/2024)

International Women’s Day: Implement laws meant to empower women, by Jivesh Jha (ae 08/03/2024)

Report shows Nepal ahead in closing gender gap. Ground reality is different : Men benefit from state subsidies, particularly those meant to help women become independent entrepreneurs, by Krishana Prasain (kp 08/03/2024)

Enhancing women ownership, by Sabika Shrestha (ae 08/03/2024)

International Women’s Day: Implement laws meant to empower women, by Jivesh Jha (ae 08/03/2024)

Rural women deprived of reproductive health rights : At recent health camps in Achham, fewer people chose permanent family planning. Patriarchal attitudes and preference for sons blamed as root causes, by Menuka Dhungana (kp 08/03/2024)

Breaking barriers for women in foreign policy : With equal opportunities, meritorious women can contribute to IR with their intellectual insights, by Shradha Arjyal Joshi (kp 08/03/2024)

Structural Inequalities: Root Of Unjust World, by Namrata Sharma (rn 08/03/2024)

How are different social groups faring? There is a need for disaggregated data by social groups to understand it, by Deepak Thapa (kp 07/03/2024)

Ground firm for transitional justice bill’s passage: Leaders : The change in government coalition will not impact the legislative function, House committee chair says, by Binod Ghimire (kp 07/03/2024)

Usury victim continue their protest for justice on Thursday (kh 07/03/2024)

Rights groups urge Nepal to revise transitional justice law for accountability (rep 06/03/2024)

Solidarity Must To End Women’s Exploitation, by Namrata Sharma (rn 06/03/2024)

Prisoners, migrant populations and slums dwellers more vulnerable to TB : Most prisons in Nepal are overcrowded and hold inmates more than twice their capacity (kp 06/03/2024)

Caste discrimination in online spaces : Technological advances have complicated the problems of the caste victims, by Mitra Pariyar (kp05/03/2024)

The right to be forgotten : As vast amounts of data are collected online, this right lets individuals curate their digital identities, by Sunu Rijal (kp 05/03/2024)

Caste-based discrimination: A call for equality and change, by Prabin Kumar Yadav (ae 04/03/2024)

Balendra Shah treading authoritarian path, say rights activists : They are ‘troubled’ by City police’s use of force on Wednesday against street vendors (kp 04/03/2024), We need a national outlook to solve the problem of street vendors : There is a fundamental question: Why can’t we accommodate human beings while we are ready to accommodate vehicles?, interview with Mahendra Subba (kp 04/03/2024), Rights defenders ask Kathmandu Mayor to respect the human rights of street vendors : ‘Focus your attention towards rerouting yourself towards a path of establishing yourself as a democratic leader who operates under the rule of law.’ (nlt 04/03/2024)

Judiciary and Mental Health, by Diwakar Dhakal (kh 02/03/2024)

Child malnutrition soars in Karnali, Sudurpaschim amid disasters : The vulnerable are the most affected. Despite the two provinces spending Rs112.8 million annually on nutrition, progress is limited, by Basant Pratap Singh (kp 02/03/2024)

Over 30,000  quake survivors in Rukum West receive first installment (rep 02/03/2024) [That's what you call quick, when the PM had promised immediate help only four months ago!]

Can there be peace, love and harmony between the couples? Intimate partner violence has taken a toll on many families in Nepal. Here is a story of how positive interventions can change the situation (nlt 01/03/2024)

Whose metropolis? The gentrified Kathmandu of Balen’s imagination, we are afraid, will be a city without a soul (kp 01/03/2024)

Online violence escalates due to lack of proper legislation, by Bhasa Sharma (rep 01/03/2024)

Inmates at central jail now covered by health insurance (kh 29/02/2024)

No point pretending : The state seeing loan shark victims in Parliament premises as a security issue should fool nobody (kp 29/02/2024)

Of plebeians, plutocrats and populists : There are laws in place that proscribe usury, but their enforcement is fraught with institutional hurdles, by CK Lal (kp 28/02/2024)

Police implement ban on pedestrian activity along footpaths around Singha Durbar (rep 27/02/2024) [????], ‘Lawmakers themselves escorted microfinance victims into parliament due to political maneuvering’, by Tapendra Karki (rep 27/02/2024), Debtors storm through parliament gate, 50 held (ae 27/02/2024), Weeklong detention for protesters of loan sharking and microfinance exploitation (kh 27/02/2024) [The behaviour of these desperate people may be unlawful, but the reaction of the obviously disinterested state seems excessive!

With no post-quake assessment, Jajarkot victims risk neglect : Four months since the quake, damage assessment is yet to start. Government says priority now is temporary shelters, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp 27/02/2024) [Hollow promises, followed by denial of assitance!], Damaging delay : The failure to carry out a detailed damage assessment after the Jajarkot earthquake has caused great hardship (kp 28/02/2024)

Police implement ban on pedestrian activity along footpaths around Singha Durbar (rep 27/02/2024) [????], ‘Lawmakers themselves escorted microfinance victims into parliament due to political maneuvering’, by Tapendra Karki (rep 27/02/2024)

Authorities prepare to relocate loan shark victims from Bhrikutimandap (rep 26/02/2024) [The politicians want to spare themselves the sight of the suffering people whose concerns they should actually be taking care of!], Govt’s bid to evacuate Bhrikutimandap disrupts loan sharking victims’ talks (kh 26/02/2024), 49 protesters arrested for breaching prohibitory orders and entering restricted area in Baneshwor (rep 26/02/2024), Loan sharking and microfinance victims protest inside parliament premises (kh 26/02/2024)

Misinformation posing a growing threat to democracy, by Nishu Ratna Bastakoti (rep 25/02/2024)

House committee likely to decide on transitional justice bill within a week : The committee is likely to advance the bill with a vote as chances of a consensus look slim (kp 25/02/2024)

International Tribunal on Evictions calls for action as forced evictions continue despite constitutional protections, by Aesha Bajracharya (rep 25/02/2024)

NC and Sanaatan State: Myth or Reality, by Chhering Yonzon (rep 23/02/2024) [The number of NC politicians advocating a return to the Hindu state during the Mahasamiti seems disproportionately high. This is due to the fact that at the upper levels of the NC, similar to the other parties, there are predominantly (male) Khas Arya, who simply do not want to understand the multi-ethnicity of Nepal and the centuries-long discrimination of non-Khas Arya under the Hindu monarchy!]

Loan sharking victims demand DPM Shrestha’s resignation (kh 23/02/2024), Don’t ignore loan shark victims (ae 23/02/2024)

Shunned and silenced : The long struggle of the women who were sexually assaulted or raped during the conflict period continues (kp 21/02/2024)

Nepal delays reply to UN concerns over transitional justice : Four UN special rapporteurs had given Nepal 60 days, until February 15, but officials say they need more time, by Binod Ghimire (kp 21/02/2024)

Incidents of violence against women on the rise: INSEC (rep 20/02/2024), Cases of human rights violations surged by 27 percent in 2023. Involvement of government bodies in human right violations in notable number of cases (rep 20/02/2024)

Urban poverty is on the rise, while rural poverty keeps falling : Experts call for creation of more jobs in order to address the livelihood issues of the urban poor, by Prithvi Man Shrestha (kp 20/02/2024)

Conflict-era rape victims’ trauma compounds : Records at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission show that among the 63,700 cases it received, 314 are related to rape or sexual violence from the insurgency, by Binod Ghimire (kp 19/02/2024)

Various groups organize protest at Maitighar demanding justice for Ajit Mizar (In Pictures) (rep 19/02/2024)

Air pollution responsible for premature births, low weight : Neonatal deaths have not declined in the past five years, according to a study, by Arjun Poudel (kp 19/02/2024)

Nepal’s health sector under the budget knife : Experts warn budget cuts could undo the progress the country has made in the health sector over the past several years, by Arjun Poudel (kp 19/02/2024)

Cold tarps are forcing families back to damaged homes : A magnitude 6.4 earthquake hit Jajarkot, Rukum West and Salyan on November 3 killing scores and damaging around 8,000 public and private houses, by Biplab Maharjan (kp 19/02/2024)

DAO Kathmandu extends prohibited zone duration for two more months (kh 17/02/2024)

Love, a ‘deadly trap’ for Dalits!, by Pabitra Sunar (rep 17/02/2024)

‘50% children with cancer are out of medical services’ (kh 16/02/2024)

Over 26,700 temporary shelters constructed for earthquake Survivors in Rukum Paschim (kh 16/02/2024) [Within almost for winter months!!??]

Congress group aims to put Hindu state on party meet agenda : While proponents say the party should listen to people’s voices, others dismiss the agenda as a non-starter (kp 15/02/2024) [Those who advocate a return to a Hindu state ignore the multi-ethnicity and the multi-cultural and multi-religious character of Nepalese society. Such people oppose social inclusion and are therefore anti-democrats. Political parties that advocate such policies should be ignored! They only stand for the preservation of power and privileges of a predominantly male small elite!], Clamour for Hindu state : A political ideology that favours nativism and monoculturalism has no place in a democracy (kp 16/02/2024), NC leaders, including 22 central members, to announce Special Campaign for Sanatan Hindu State today (kh 17/02/2024) [To identify the state and the nation with a single culture and religion is a crime against the multi-ethnic and multi-religious society of Nepal! The country is not the property of predominantly male high caste Hindus, even though they have pretended to be for centuries!]

Old story, new twist : The saga of Nepali youth dying in senseless foreign wars like the one in Ukraine should stop (kp 15/02/2024)

Navigating Tradition and Progress: Same-Sex Marriage Recognition in Nepal, by Mona Sharma and Dikshya Aryal (rep 14/02/2024), LGBTIQA+ community: A continuing struggle for social acceptance, by Mitali Bharadwaj (ae 14/02/2024)

Death toll from People’s War waged by the Maoists stands at 18,076: New data (rep 14/02/2024)

Nepal police arrests 89 individuals on human trafficking charges in six months (kh 14/02/2024)

Promote Human Rights And Inclusion, by Namrata Sharma (rn 14/02/2024)

‘Another world is possible’: Socialists of the world to convene in Kathmandu this week : People involved in socialist movements from 92 countries will take part in the five-day World Social Forum-2024 (kp 14/02/2024)

Nepali women face harsh realities of foreign employment in Gulf countries, by Sabita Khadka (rep 12/02/2024)

Court sentences rape convict to 18 years in jail in Tanahu (kh 12/02/2024)

Alternative sentencing in Nepal, by Pradikshya KC (ae 12/02/2024)

Alliance plans to push TJ bill via vote if no consensus : Multiple attempts to build consensus have failed as ruling and opposition parties refuse to budge from their stands (kp 12/02/2024)

Street vendors stage protests against KMC  (rep 11/02/2024)

Bringing more women into science : Female scientists can now pursue their careers, but their role as caregivers represents a double burden, by Mamata Aryal (kp 09/02/2024)

Susta rural municipality launches monetary scheme to discourage child marriage (kh 09/02/2024) [The reasons lie in the extremely patriarchal way of thinking, its reflection in politics and laws, the permanent non-inclusion of women and archaic cultural practices in society. They cannot be solved with money!]

Prime Minister Dahal says he favours publicising Lal Commission report : Promises to call a meeting of the ruling alliance to decide the matter (kp 09/02/2024)

Nepal's peace dilemma : The failure to conclude the transitional justice process undercuts the achievements in the structural transformation of Nepal, by Khim Lal Devkota (kp 07/02/2024)

Social Movement Calls For Just Global Order, by Namrata Sharma (rn 07/02/2024)

Schoolgirls come together to combat outdated pratices : Young girls rally against social ills, urging female relatives to shun harmful traditions like Chhaupadi, child marriage and caste-based discrimination, by Tularam Pandey and DB Budha (kp 07/02/2024)

FNJ calls for media-friendly bill (kh 07/02/2024)

Reform in reservation is necessary, by Ritesh Panthee (rep 06/02/2024)

Proposal to prevent child marriage (ae 06/02/2024)

Will TRC Bill Be Endorsed ?, by Narayan Upadhyay (rn 06/02/2024) [Quite unlikely! If it does, the result will still be unsatisfactory for the victims. Potential offenders should not decide on such laws!]

Quake-displaced people battle inclement weather : Around 34,000 earthquake-displaced people are living under tents in Jajarkot and Rukum West, according to government data, by Mahersh KC (kp 04/02/2024)

Is Nepal’s National Human Rights Commission really weak? What can be done to make it more functioning and relevant? When human rights violations occur and the citizenry expect a prompt and swift intervention, the Commission’s “grand” mandate and mission often crumble to pieces, by Shrawan Adhikari and Simone Galimberti (nlt 04/02/2024)

Jaleswar Jail jam-packed with prisoners (kh 04/02/2024)

Salyan and Surkhet report highest number of rape cases among 10 Karnali districts : In most rape cases, the perpetrators of the crime are usually the victims’ family members, according to police, by Biplab Maharjan (kp 03/02/2024)

Dahal, Oli discuss ways to resolve transitional justice disputes : The opposition leader says the bill to amend the Enforced Disappearances Enquiry, Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act should be finalised in consensus after some revisions (kp 03/02/2024) [Both are not really interested in justice for the victims.]

Insurgency victims come up with 27-point demand : Want extrajudicial killings and unlawful killings listed as serious human rights violations and the authority to reduce penalties resting with judiciary, by Binod Ghimire (kp 01/02/2024)

Break the cycle : Most loan shark victims will continue to be denied justice unless the local bodies become more active (kp 01/02/2024)

Disabled students of a Baglung school face uncertain future after grade 8 : Many students of Ramrekha Basic School in Baglung may have to discontinue education after passing grade 8 because there are no other disabled-friendly schools nearby, by Prakash Baral (kp 01/02/2024)

Constitutional watchdog names 60 persons implicated in serious human rights abuses : Those incriminated include top police and government officials, and politicians, by Binod Ghimire (kp 31/01/2024), NHRC Report Card: Action recommended against 66 right violators (ae 01/02/2024)

Unlocking Opportunities: Empowering Financial Inclusion in Rural Nepal : For women in rural areas who continue to face low literacy rates and various gender-based barriers, access to and use of digital financial services is not a small task, by Santosh Adhikari and Menila Kharel (nlt 30/01/2024)

Fending for themselves : There can be no excuse for the poor handling of the post-disaster situation in Karnali’s quake-affected districts (kp 30/01/2024)

Experts call for more proactive handling of new and old security threats : At a function in Kathmandu on Monday, speakers from diverse sectors discussed the interplay of regional and global powers in Nepal (kp 30/01/2024)

Loan sharking victims to march again towards Kathmandu for justice (kh 29/01/2024)

From Constitution to Kitchen: Nepal’s Journey to Food Rights, by Raju Prasad Chapagai (rep 28/01/2024)

What delays the rehabilitation of earthquake-displaced people : Since November, 35 homeless, mainly senior citizens and minors, have died, by Krishna Prasad Gautam (kp 28/01/2024)

Dalit women: empowered or imperilled? We must ensure equitable access to resources to ensure Dalit women’s active political participation, by Samiksha Baral (kp 28/01/2024)

Supreme Court says it cannot pass verdicts solely on the basis of media coverage : The court also raises questions over continued delays in advancing the transitional justice process (kp 28/01/2024)

Single women unable to build temporary shelters : Many have not registered for reconstruction aid. Even those who lack the physical and human resources to build a temporary shelter, by Tripti Shahi (kp 26/01/2024)

Women Commission urges govt to take action on unlawful children’s homes (kh 25/01/2024)

SC releases full text of directive order to amend NHRC Act (kh 25/01/2024)

Nepal launches milestone action plan on business and human rights : The adoption sends a strong message to investors that Nepal is a good place to do business, stakeholders say (kp 25/01/2024)

Let people protest : Trying to maintain public order by banning peaceful demonstrations is a fool’s errand (kp 22/01/2024)

NSU students arrested in Maitighar (kh 21/01/2021)

Remaining works of peace process to be completed on consensus: PM Prachanda (rn 21/01/2024) [Consensus with the victims and their families or consensus among top politicians, some of whom bear great responsibility for the crimes of the past?], Remaining works of peace process to be completed soon: PM Dahal (kh 21/01/2024)

Supreme Court declines to impose restrictions on security personnel using metal bullets (kh 19/01/2024)

Ensure Justice To Conflict Victims, by Balmukunda Regmi (rn 18/01/2024)

“Musahar Community in Nawalparasi requires immediate attention”, by Brikshya Gautam (kh 18/01/2024)

Triggering mistrust :The police must be sensitised on the need of exercising maximum restraint during public protests (kp 18/01/2024) [They believe they have the right to beat, torture and kill people. This was the case under the royalist-absolutist panchayat system and it hasn't changed to this day!]

The weight of patriarchy : Nepali women continue to be persecuted in the name of outdated traditions (kp 15/01/2024)

Concerns mount over rising Nepali migrant deaths : Around 15 Nepali workers die abroad each month. Reports says 95 migrants from Gandaki Province died abroad in the first six months of this fiscal year, by Pratiksha Kafle (kp 17/01/2024) [This is also a consequence of climate change, economic inequality and the government's inability to create jobs at home!], Foreign employment: 539 deaths in six months (rep 17/01/2024), Check Youth Exodus, by Dixya Poudel (rn 17/01/2024)

Five, including police personnel, accused of gang-raping 14-year-old girl in Mugu (kh 16/01/2024)

NIC instructs universities to implement Right to Information laws (kh 15/01/2024) [The right to information is a fundamental right that is very often not even respected by the government!]

Right to protest under threat : Despite the strengthening of human rights, the repression of protests persists in Nepal and worldwide, by Marissa Leena Taylor and Ashmita Sapkota (kp 14/01/2024)

Echo chamber in Nepali media : There has been no progress in institutionalising press freedom and ensuring editorial independence, by Bhanu Bhakta Acharya (kp 14/01/2024)

Govt prepares to declare 2,601 more martyrs through Nepal Gazette (rep 14/01/2024) [This does not mean justice for the victims]

No state for women : Nepali mothers can confer citizenship to their children, but conditions still apply, by Neha Gurung (nt 12/01/2024) [Only males are real Nepalis and they are best from the so-called high Hindu castes! This country belongs to them! Only men are real Nepalis and they are best from the so-called high Hindu castes! This country belongs to them! Therefore, they have to bear the burden of holding all responsible posts!]

Victim’s cry for justice met with disbelief and counteraccusations, by Sita Neupane (kh 12/01/2024), Nepal's TJ law needs more progress: Human Rights Watch (rep 12/01/2024) [see HRW report on Nepal]

Transitional justice commissions get one more extension but legal issues remain : MPs accuse government of not showing urgency to find consensus on amending the law, by Binod Ghimire (kp 12/01/2024) [There will be no willingness to do justice for the victims as long as those responsible on both sides of the conflict are in power today!], Much ado about nothing : Without a commitment to end the process right, term-extension of the TJ bodies is meaningless (kp 12/01/2024)

Why has the transitional justice process not moved ahead?, by Kamal Dev Bhattarai (ae 11/01/2024)

Gaushala 26’ files complaint at CIB against identity disclosure (kh 11/01/2024)

Health workers manning Covid desks on Nepal-India border unpaid for six months : Amidst the increased workload and health risk following a resurgence of coronavirus cases, the health workers feel cheated, by Bhawani Bhatta (kp 11/01/2024)

Rape trial in Nepal is an endless journey, by Sabina Acharya (nlt 10/01/2024)

Kathmandu District Court sentences Sandeep Lamichhane to 8 years in rape case (kh 10/01/2024), Sandeep Lamichhane gets eight years in jail after rape conviction : His lawyers say they will appeal the district court’s ruling, by Binod Ghimire (kp 11/01/2024)

Teenage girls in Rukum East live in terror of outdated traditions : Deep-rooted customs where young girls are forcibly hauled away and abducted by men for marriage persist in several areas of the western Nepal district, by Durgalal KC (kp 10/01/2024)

Silence and shame in Ajit Mijar’s killing : Caste hatred often precipitates caste violence, and hardly any criminal is sentenced to jail , by Mitra Pariyar (kp 09/01/2024)

Conflict victims, rights defenders and professionals welcome invalidation of the ‘People’s War Day’ by the Supreme Court : In February last year, Dahal government had declared Falgun 1 as People’s War Day. The conflict victims as well as the civil society members had objected to the government’s decision (nlt 09/01/2024), Conflict victims, rights defenders, lawyers, professionals and other citizens welcome SC decision to cancel People’s War Day (rep 10/01/2024)

No respite for earthquake victims, by Rajendra Karki (ae 09/01/2024)

Conflict-affected families of security personnel urge PM Dahal to address their genuine concerns (rep 09/01/2024)

HURPES to ensure 40% women in executive committees, opposes damages to Chure region (kh 09/01/2024)

Dr. Govinda KC arrested again for protesting in restricted zone (kh 09/04/2024)

Child marriage, teen pregnancy exacting heavy toll on Bajura girls : Efforts to curb child marriage ineffective due to deep-rooted traditions, local officials say, by Arjun Shah (kp 06/01/2024)

Mental Health and Human Rights, by Swastika Poudel (rep 06/01/2024)

The marginalised on the margins : Two Nepali families on either side of a path suffer from state neglect, but one is much doing better. Why?, by Sonia Awale (nt 05/01/2024)

Sarlahi’s Barahathwa tense as hotel owner dies in police firing (rep 05/01/2024) [Once again!], Prohibitory order enforced in Sarlahi following protest-related fatality (kh 06/01/2024), Curfew in Sarlahi local unit after man dies in protest : Local residents were protesting a municipal plan to hand over a health post to provincial authorities. Protesters claim the man died from police bullet, by Om Prakash Thakur (kp 06/01/2024),
Protests continue in Barahathawa for second day : Barahathawa Municipality’s decision to upgrade and hand over a 15-bed municipal hospital to the province triggered the violent protest on Friday, by Om Prakash Thakur (kp 07/01/2024), Jaishankar Sah's mortal remains left on road for 72 hours (rep 07/01/2024), Administration and Barahathawa protesters reach agreement : With the deal, family agrees to receive the body of the man killed on Friday, by Om Prakash Thakur (kp 08/01/2024)

Absence of Dalits in the private sector : Caste-based preference motivates workers to focus on ‘chakari’ rather than skills, by Abhishek Jha (kp 04/01/2024)

Three years on, monsoon-displaced people in outlying Bajura settlements await rehabilitation : A total of 519 families have been displaced over the past three years after their homes were destroyed by heavy rains, government data show, by Arjun Shah (kp 03/01/2024)

Winning Justice Can Be A Hard Struggle, by Namrata Sharma (rn 03/01/2024)

How development projects can go wrong when they disregard the rights of the indigenous people : Hydropower is the cleanest form of energy. But should it come at the cost of indigenous people being abused and oppressed simply because they want to have a say on how such development projects will impact their lives?, by RK Tamang and Simone Galimberti (nlt 02/01/2024)

Economic slump takes toll on sustainability of free media : Nepali media industry needs immediate rescue with favorable legal/policy environment and financial support so that press freedoms would be survived, protected and promoted, by Taranath Dahal (nlt 02/01/2024)

Nepali girls held hostage for sex trade in Delhi, accused couple in police net, by Arun Bam (rep 02/01/2024)

Shots fired as Minister’s vehicle came under siege: Home Minister (kh 01/01/2024) [And the siege of a minister's vehicle justifies the police killing and injuring people with firearms? The government and the police need to change their attitude if Nepal is to be a state governed by the rule of law!] Home Minister losing control over police force: RSP Chair Lamichhane (kh 1/01/2024)

Comrades, TikTok is the Giga-factory of the 21st Century : The irony deepens as the Communists, once champions of the proletariat, have now assumed characteristics akin to the bourgeoisie, by Bimal Pratap Shah (rep 01/01/2024)

Documents / Websites

Challenges Persist on Nepal's Press Freedom : 'Year of inaction' on law and policy for free press, report by Freedom Forum, Kathmandu, 3 May 2024

Nepal 2023 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, 25 March 2024

“No-one cares”: Descent-based discrimination against Dalits in Nepal, report by Amnesty International 2024

Nepal events of 2024. World Report 2024, pp. 449-454, by Human Rights Watch

Nepal Events of 2023, HRW world-report 2024, 12/01/2024

Note of Appreciation and Concern to the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. Kathmandu, 31 October 2023

Saudi Arabia: Migrants workers who toiled in Amazon warehouses were deceived and exploited, by Amnesty International, 10 October 2023

2022 Report on International Religious Freedom: Nepal, by US Department of State, 15 May 2023

Amnesty International Report 2022/23, Nepal, March 2023)

2022 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Nepal, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 2023

South Asia State of Minorities Report 2022 : Weakening Human Rights Commitments
and Its Impact on Minorities
. The South Asia Collective, February 2023

Nepal’s Social Protection System Reinforces Inequality: Expand the Child Grant; Include Informal Workers, by HRW, 1 February 2023

Media, Elections and Human Rights : A Study on Media Coverage of Elections from Human Rights Perspectives, by Media Action Nepal, 2023

Nepal: Events of 2022, HRW World Report 2023

Report and Recommendations of the Session of the Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA)
Geneva, 03 - 07 October 2022

State of Gender Equality and Climate Change in South Asia and the Hindu Kush Himalaya, by ICIMOD et al., 29 September 2022

What German Football Can Do to Remedy Abuses in Qatar : Football Association Pledges to Press FIFA to Compensate Migrant Workers, by David Fischer, HRW (12 August 2022)

Nepal: Amend Transitional Justice Bill : New Draft Falls Short of Promised Reforms to Protect Victims’ Rights. Statement by AI, HRW, ICG and TRIAL, 22 July 2022

Custodial deaths in Nepal : Towards a Framework for
Investigation and Prevention
, by Advocacy Forum-Nepal. Kathmandu, 26 June 2022

From Exclusion to Inclusion : Crafting a New Legal Regime in Nepal, by Bipin Adhikari et al. Kathmandu: Social Science Baha 2022

2021 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Nepal. US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, 12 April 2022

The State of the World's Human Rights. Amnesty International’s Annual Report 2021/22, Nepal chapter, March 2022

World Bank. Women, business and the law 2022. Nepal data.

World Report 2022 - Nepal chapter, by Human Rights Watch

Gender Sensitivity in Nepali Media, report by Media Action Nepal, 2022

2020 Civil Society Organization Sustainability Indey for Asia, by USAID, November 2021 (Nepal, pp. 38ff)

Media in Nepal : Safety of Journalists, Sustainability and Gender Inclusiveness, report by Media Action Nepal, 2021

Misleading News in Media : A study of newspapers and online news portals of Nepal, report by Media Action Nepal, 2021

Code of Conduct : Improving conflict sensitive reporting & journalist safety in South Asia, report by Media Action Nepal, 2021

Vulnerability to Human Trafficking in Nepal : From enhanced regional connectivity. World Bank Group, December 2021

COVID-19 pandemic worsens disparities in young children’s development and learning in Nepal : One out of five children developmentally off track, press release bi UNICEF, 19 December 2021 [see also Child and Family Tracker, ECDI Survey, UNICEF, August 2021]

Impacts of protecting life in global health assistance policy in Nepal. Report by CREJHPA, September 2021

Unprepared and Unlawful: Nepal’s Continued Failure to realize the right to health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Briefing paper by International Commission of Jurists, 13 September 2021

Nepal Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021, by NPC et al., 18 August 2021

Violations in the name of conservation : "What crime had I committed by putting my feet on the Land that I own?" Amnesty International, 9 August 2021

Challenges for Dalits in South Asia’s Legal Community. Chapter I: Dalit Justice Defenders in Nepal, by American Bar Association - Center for Human Rights (18/06/2021)

Nepal: "Struggling to breathe".  The second wave of Covid-19 in Nepal, by Amnesty International (14/06/2021)

HRW report “I Must Work to Eat” - Covid-19, Poverty, and Child labor in Ghana, Nepal, and Uganda, by Human Rights Watch (26/05/2021)

South Asia: Urgent action needed to combat deadly COVID-19 surge across region (Amnesty International 13/05/2021)

Youth Anxiety, Aspiration, and Activism: Survey Report, by Niti Foundation and ILO, April 2021

Nepal Child Labour Report 2021, by International Labour Organisation and Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal

Nepal 2020. Excerpt from Amnesty International Report 2020/21 (07/04/021)

2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Nepal. US Department of State, 30 March 2021

Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2021, by INSEC, Kathmandu 2021

Annual Report 2020, by NHRC. Lalitpur, February 2020

Nepal: Human Rights Commission’s Integrity in Jeopardy : Lack of Transparency in Appointments Undermine Effectiveness, Public Confidence, common statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and International Commission of Jurists, 1 March 2021

World Report 2021 : Nepal - Events of 2020, by Human Rights Watch, January 2021

Report on Employment Relationship Survey in Nepal. UNICEF, January 2021

Nepal Human Development Report 2020, UNDP and NPC, 13/12/2020

The Government of Nepal has been using the Covid-19 Pandemic to Exercise Control, to Commit Human Rights Violations and to Deny Justice to Victims of Human Rights Abuses, by AHRC, 09/12/2020

राष्ट्रिय मानव अधिकार आयोगको वार्षिक प्रतिवेदन (२०७६–२०७७), National Human Rights Commission, 07/12/2020

No Law, No Justice, No State for Victims : The Culture of Impunity in Post-Conflict Nepal. Report by Human Rights Watch. 20/11/2020

Nepal : Justice stalled for conflict victims. Amnesty International submission for the UN universal periodic review, 37th session of the UPR working group, January 2021 (Amnesty International 23/10/2020)

आयोगको २० वर्ष आयोगका सिफारिशहरु र कार्यान्वयन अवस्था (२०५७ जेठ–२०७७ असार), National Human Rights Commission, 15/10/2020

The NHRI Nepal Joint Submission for The Third Cycle Universal Periodic Review of Nepal, 2020. Submitted by National Human Rights Commission, National Women Commission and National Dalit Commission, March 24, 2020 (revised 07/09/2020)

Child & Family Tracker: Tracking the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Children and Families in Nepal. Baseline Findings, by UNICEF Nepal and Sharecast, August 2020 (Powerpoint presentation)

Costing Study on Early Childhood Education and
Development (ECED) in Nepal
: A Case for Investment in ECED, by UNICEF Nepal and The World Bank, 2020

Human Rights and the Rule of Law in a Federal Nepal: Recommendations from an ICJ High-Level Mission, by ICJ: Geneva, July 2020

Nepal’s Universal Periodic Review: Human Rights Review Should Address Broken Commitments, Impunity, by Human Rights Watch, 16/07/2020), see submission report by HRW (15/07/2020)

Lawyers at risk: Law Society submits joint UPR report on Nepal, by The Law Society of England and Wales, 13 July 2020 (see also factsheet and submission)

2019 Trafficking in Persons Report: Nepal, by US Department of State

2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, by US Department of State, 11 March 2020

Rule of Law Index Nepal 2020, by World Justice Project, 11 March 2020

Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2020, by INSEC, Kathmandu 2020

Annual Report: Synopsis 2018/2019, by NHRC. Kathmandu: January 2020

Sexual Exploytation of Children in Nepal, by ECPAT International 2020

Nepal 2019. In: Human Rights in Asia-Pacific. Review of 2019. Amnesty International, 29 January 2020

Nepal: Recent Steps Undermine Transitional Justice, by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and TRIAL International, 25 January 2020

Nepal: Events of 2019, by Human Rights Watch, January 2020, pp. 418-422

Lawyers’ Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP)

Human Development Report 2019: Inequalities in Human Development in the 21stCentury. Briefing note for countries on the 2019 Human Development Report: Nepal. New York: UNDP 2019

Nepal: 13 Years On, No Justice for Conflict Victims. Joint statement by ICJ, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and TRIAL International, 25 November 2019

Nepal: New NGO Law Should Protect Rights
Government’s Recent Moves Have Restricted Activists
, by Human Rughts Watch, 14 November 2019

Nepal: Release Report on 2015 Protest Violence: Suppressing Lal Commission Findings Denies Justice to Terai Victims, by Human Rights Watch, 1 October 2019

All work, no pay: The struggle of Qatar's migrant workers for justice, Amnesty International, 19 September 2019

Torture and forced child labour: UN experts find Nepal violated human rights, by OHCHR 27/08/2019,  including full text of the UN document]

On the Occasion of International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, by Advocacy Forum - Nepal, 26 June 2019

2019 Trafficking in Person Report: Nepal. by US Department of State, June 20, 2019

Regressive Laws, Mounting Violations, report by Freedom Forum, 3 May 2019

The Legal Stranglehold, by International Federation of Journalists, 3 May 2019

Nepal: To End Hunger, Strengthen and Implement Right to Food Law, Amnesty International, 04 April 2019

Nepal 2018 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Human Rights Yearbook 2019, by INSEC, 17 February 2019

Fighting inequality in Nepal: The road to prosperity. OXFAM report, 11 January 2019

Media Freedom Deteriorating. Annual media freedom report 2018 by Freedom Forum

Preliminary Comments: Draft Bill to Amend the Act on Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation, 2014], by Amnesty International, ICJ and TRIAL International, 20 July 2018

Preliminary Comments of Conflict Victims’ Common Platform (CVCP) on proposed TJ draft bill to amend Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances, Truth and Reconciliation Act, 2014, 17 July 2018

Nepal: Transitional Justice Reform an Urgent Need; Current Draft Law Does Not Meet International Standards on Prosecuting Worst Crimes, by Human Rights Watch, 7 July 2018

Rule of Law Index 2017-2018 - Nepal, by World Justice Project

Nepal 2017 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Amnesty International Annual Report 2017/2018 on Nepal, 22 February 2018

Nepal: Events of 2017, by Human Rights Watch, January 2018

Human Rights Yearbook 2018, by INSEC, 20 February 2018

Nepal: Transitional Justice Proving Elusive Term Extensions do not Cure Act’s Fundamental Problems. Joint press statement by ICJ, HRW and AI, 13 February 2018

Nepal’s Transitional Justice Process: Challenges and Future Strategy. A Discussion Paper, by International Commission of Jurists, August 2017

Trafficking in persons. National report 2015/16, by NHRC, June 2017

Amnesty International. Turning people into profits: Abusive recruitment, trafficking and forced labour of Nepali migrant workers. London, 6 June 2017

New Fronts, Brave Voices: Press Freedom in South Asia 2016-17, by International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), 3 May 2017 [Nepal on pages 72-77]

“Building inequality": The failure of the Nepali government to protect the marginalised in post-earthquake reconstruction efforts (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

"What I want is for the government to help". Nepal: Ensure the right to adequate housing for the marginalised in post-earthquake Nepal (Amnesty International 25/04/2017)

Serious Crimes in Nepal’s Criminal Code Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), March 2017

National Human Rights Commission Nepal (NHRC)

Nepal 2016 Human Rights Report, by US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, 3 March 2017

Nepal 206/17, report by Amnesty International, 22 February 2017

Nepal: extending transitional justice commissions without granting real powers betrays trust of victims, by International Commission of Jurists (10 February 2017)

NHRC. Varshik Prativedhan 2072/73 (yearly report), 13 January 2017 (in Nepali)

Human Rights Watch, World report 2017, Nepal chapter (January 2017)

Nepal: Decade After Peace, Scant Progress On Justice; Political Parties Fail to Deliver on Promises, by Human Rights Watch, 18 October 2016

Global Gender Gap Report 2016 - Nepal data, by World Economic Forum, Geneva, October 2016

Statement on the CIAA and reports on investigation of Social Science Baha (SSB) and Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD) (BNAC 01/10/2016)

“Our Time to Sing and Play”: Child Marriage in Nepal, by Human Rights Watch, 7 September 2016 [see also video]

Nepal - Torture and Coerced Confessions, by Amnesty International, 19 July 2016

The Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (Control) Bill, 2014. A Briefing Paper by International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), June 2016

Nepal 2015 Human Rights Report, by Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Washington, 14 April 2016

Nepal 2015/16, by Amnesty International, 24 February 2016

Nepal’s police in Madhesi-hunting spree (Asian Human Rights Commission, 24 February 2016)

INSEC Yearbook 2016 (19 February 2016)

Earthquake Recovery Must Safeguard Human Rights, by Amnesty International 1 June 2015

Human Rights Watch: Silenced and Forgotten  Survivors of Nepal’s Conflict-Era Sexual Violence. September 23, 2014

International Commission of Jurists (ICJ): Justice denied: The 2014 Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation Act. Geneva, May 2014

U.S. Department of State: Nepal 2013 Human Rights Report

Human Rights Watch. Under China’s Shadow: Mistreatment of Tibetans in Nepal. 1 April 2014

THRD Alliance. Continuing extra-judicial executions in the Terai (March 2014)

Amnesty International. The dark side of migration: Spotlight on Qatar's construction sector ahead of the world cup, London: AI, 18 November 2013

Nepal: Is the Government Unable or Unwilling to Prevent and Investigate Torture?, report by Advocacy Forum (26/06/2013)

Human Rights Watch: World Report 2013, Nepal chapter (01/02/2013)

Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC): The State of Human Rights in Nepal in 2012 (10/12/2012)

Torture of Women: Nepal’s Duplicity Continues, rebort by Advocacy Forum (26/06/2012

Torture of Women in Detention: Nepal’s Failure to Prevent and Protect, by Advocy Forum (26/06/2011)

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Right to Information Act, 2064 (2007)

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